Elisabeta Michetti - Domenica Tropeano
Exchange rate policy and income distribution in an open developing economy

Abstract:In this work we are going to deal with the issue of the distribution of income in an open economy within a simplified macroeconomic model with constant prices.This type of model could apply to middle-income developing countries, which have succeeded in fighting inflation through a policy of high interest rates. It will be assumed that the target of monetary policy now becomes the exchange rate and interest rates are set at a high level to lower the exchange rate (defined as the price of foreign currency in terms of the domestic one). Even if this strategy may work it may produce negative effects on output growth and on the distribution of income. The lowering of the exchange rate target would have the following efects on distribution. It would cause a reduction in the rate of growth of output, it would lower the wage share. The share of domestically-produced income distributed abroad should increase instead. The domestic interest rate share would rise only for suitable small values of the parameter, which links imports to income. The effect on the capital share is indeed uncertain.

JEL: E25 F20 F30.
Keywords: income distribution, exchange rate policy, globalization, capital flows



Download Full Text